Neuer Artikel in Scientific Reports01.03.2018
In einem neuen Paper untersuchen wir die Einflüsse emotionaler und sozialer Merkmale auf die Aufmerksamkeitsregulation in dynamischen Szenen.
In unserem neuen Artikel nutzten wir Videosequenzen sozialer Situationen, um mittels Generalized Linear Mixed Models (GLMMs) den gemeinsamen Einfluss physikalischer, sozialer und emotionaler Merkmale auf die Aufmerksamkeitsregulation zu untersuchen. Der Artikel ist kürzlich in Scientific Reports erschienen.
Social content and emotional valence modulate gaze fixations in dynamic scenes
Marius Rubo & Matthias Gamer
Previous research has shown that low-level visual features (i.e., low-level visual saliency) as well as socially relevant information predict gaze allocation in free viewing conditions. However, these studies mainly used static and highly controlled stimulus material, thus revealing little about the robustness of attentional processes across diverging situations. Secondly, the influence of affective stimulus characteristics on visual exploration patterns remains poorly understood. Participants in the present study freely viewed a set of naturalistic, contextually rich video clips from a variety of settings that were capable of eliciting different moods. Using recordings of eye movements, we quantified to what degree social information, emotional valence and low-level visual features influenced gaze allocation using generalized linear mixed models. We found substantial and similarly large regression weights for low-level saliency and social information, affirming the importance of both predictor classes under ecologically more valid dynamic stimulation conditions. Differences in predictor strength between individuals were large and highly stable across videos. Additionally, low-level saliency was less important for fixation selection in videos containing persons than in videos not containing persons, and less important for videos perceived as negative. We discuss the generalizability of these findings and the feasibility of applying this research paradigm to patient groups.