Lehrstuhl für Psychologie III

Effect Monitoring

Robert Wirth, Markus Janczyk (Tübingen University), & Wilfried Kunde


Actions aim to produce effects in the environment. To accomplish this properly, we not only have to recruit the appropriate motor patterns, but also we must be able to monitor whether an intended effect has ultimately been realized to check whether our action was successful.

In this project, we investigate the impact of such effect monitoring on performance, mainly in multitasking situations. Using behavioral and electrophysiological measures, we expose effect monitoring as a key determinant for dual-task performance and identify several factors that determine the degree of interference that effect monitoring causes in multitasking situations.

This work is supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG, Grants KU 1964/11-1 and MJ 2307/3-1) and part of the SPP 1772 “Human performance under multiple cognitive task requirements: From basic mechanisms to optimized task scheduling”.


For further details, see:


Kunde, W., Wirth, R., & Janczyk, M. (2018). The role of feedback delay in dual task performance. Psychological Research, 82(1), 157-166. 


Wirth, R., Janczyk, M., & Kunde, W. (2018). Effect monitoring in dual-task performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44(4), 553-571.


Wirth, R., Steinhauser, R., Janczyk, W., Steinhauser, M., & Kunde, W. (2018). Long-term and short-term action-effect links and their impact on effect monitoring. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance


(last updated in May, 2018)