Deutsch Intern
    Research Methods & Social Cognition

    Prof. Dr. Anne Böckler-Raettig

    Consultation hour weekly, by appointment
    E-Mail anne.boeckler@uni-wuerzburg.de
    Fax +49 931 3182616
    Office Röntgenring 11, 97070 Würzburg

    Research areas

    • Gaze processing and gaze behaviour
    • Social cognition: empathy, perspective taking, Theory of Mind
    • Social interaction: altruism, prosocial behavior, social exclusion
    • Social cognition and interaction in clinical and developmental contexts
    • Effectiveness of meditation-based interventions

    Research projects (publicly funded)

    Emmy Noether Research Group: More than meets the eye: Integration, influences and impairments of direct gaze processing


    2021 - Professor for Research Methods & Social Cognition at Würzburg University
    2018 - PI of the Emmy Noether Research Group “More than meets the eye”
    2020-2021 Professor for Cognitive Psychology at Leibniz University Hannover
    2015-2020 Assistant Professor at Würzburg University
    Research Associate at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig
    2012-2015 Postdoc at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Science, Leipzig
    2011-2012 Visiting Research Collaborator at Princeton University, USA
    2013 PhD Defense at Radboud University, Nijmegen, NL
    2008-2012 PhD candidate at the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Nijmegen, NL / Radboud University, Nijmegen, NL
    2002-2008 Psychology (Diploma) at Humboldt-University Berlin and University of Glasgow, funded by the German Academic Scholarship Foundation



    Copyright notice: Please note that the provided documents are made available for non-commercial dissemination of scholarly work for study purposes only. Users should be aware that the terms of the copyright owners apply.



    Böckler-Raettig (2019). Theory of Mind. München: Ernst Reinhardt.


    Articles in peer-reviewed journals

    To come

    MacDonald, B., Böckler, A., & Kanske, P. (accepted). Soundtrack to the Social World: Emotional Music Enhances Empathy, Compassion and Prosocial Decisions, But Not Theory of Mind. Emotion. 

    Pittig, R., van der Wel, R.P.R.D., Welsh, T.N., & Böckler, A. (in press). What's in a gaze, what''s in a face? The direct gaze effect can be modulated by emotion expression. Emotion.

    Stengelin, R., Schleihauf, H., Seidl., A., & Böckler-Raettig, A. (2022). Spreading the game: An experimental study on the link between children’s overimitation and their adoption, transmission, and modification of conventional information. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 213, 105271.



    ​​​​​Böckler, A. & Singer, T. (2022). Longitudinal Evidence for Differential Plasticity of Cognitive Functions: Mindfulness-based mental training enhances working memory, but not perceptual discrimination, response inhibition and metacognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.

    Breil, C., Huestegge, L., & Böckler, A. (2022). From eye to arrow: Attention capture by direct gaze requires more than just the eyes. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics.



    Breil, C., Kanske, P., Pittig, R. & Böckler, A. (2021). A revised instrument for the assessment of empathy and Theory of Mind in adolescents: Introducing the EmpaToM-Y. Behavior Research Methods. doi: 10.3758/s13428-021-01589-3

    Breil, C. & Böckler-Raettig, A. (2021): Look away to listen: the interplay of emotional context and eye contact in video conversations, Visual Cognition, doi:10.1080/13506285.2021.1908470

    Böckler, A., Rennert, A., & Raettig, T. (2021). Stranger, lover, friend? The pain of rejection does not depend. Social Psychology.

    Schmitz, L., Wahn, B., Krüger, M., & Böckler-Raettig, A. (2021). In the blink of an eye? Evidence for a reduced attentional blink for eyes. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (Vol. 43, No. 43).

    Riechelmann, E., Gamer, M., Böckler, A., & Huestegge, L. (2021). How ubiquitous is the direct-gaze advantage? Evidence for an averted-gaze advantage in a gaze-discrimination task. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 1-23.

    Riechelmann, E., Raettig, T., Böckler, A., & Huestegge, L. (2021). Gaze interaction: Anticipation-based control of the gaze of others. Psychological Research, 1-20.



    Breil, C. & Böckler, A. (2020). The lens shapes the view: On task dependency in ToM research. Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports, 7, 41-50.

    Götz, F., Böckler, A., & Eder, A. (2020). Low numbers from a low head? Effects of observed head orientation on numerical cognition. Psychological Research, 1-14.

    Tholen, M. G., Trautwein, F. M., Böckler, A., Singer, T., & Kanske, P. (2020). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) item analysis of empathy and theory of mind. Human Brain Mapping.

    Trautwein, F.-M., Kanske, P., Böckler, A., & Singer, T. (2020). Differential benefits of mental training types for attention, compassion, and theory of mind. Cognition, 194, 104039.



    Böckler, A. (2019). Why we share our cookies: Prosocial behavior from a psychological perspective. Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die biologisch-anthropologische Literatur.

    Lehmann, K., Maliske, L., Böckler, A., & Kanske, P. (2019). Social impairments in mental disorders: Recent developments in studying the mechanisms of interactive behavior. Clinical Psychology in Europe, 1(2), 1-15.

    Riechelmann*, E., Weller*, L., Huestegge, L., Böckler, A., & Pfister, R. (2019). Revisiting intersubjective action-effect binding: No evidence for social moderators. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 81(6), 1991–2002. doi:10.3758/s13414-019-01715-6
           * contributed equally



    Böckler, A., Tusche, A., Schmidt, P., & Singer, T. (2018). Distinct mental trainings differentially enhance altruistically motivated, norm motivated, and self-reported prosocial behaviour. Scientific reports, 8(1), 13560.

    Lumma, A. L., Valk, S., Böckler, A., Vrticka, P., & Singer, T. (2018). Change in emotional self-concept following socio-cognitive training relates to structural plasticity of the prefrontal cortex. Brain and Behavior, 8(4).

    van der Wel, R., Welsh, T., & Böckler, A. (2018). Talking heads or talking eyes? Effects of head orientation and sudden onset gaze cues on attention capture. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 1-6.



    Böckler*, A., Herrmann*, L., Trautwein, F.-M., Holmes, T. & Singer, T. (2017). Know thy Selves: Learning to understand oneself increases the ability to understand others. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 1-13.
           * contributed equally

    Böckler*, A., Sharifi*, M., Kanske, P., Dziobek, I., & Singer, T. (2017). Social decision making in narcissism: Reduced generosity and increased retaliation are driven by alterations in perspective-taking and anger. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 1-7.
           * contributed equally

    Lumma, A.-L., Böckler, A., Vrticka, P., & Singer, T. (2017). Who am I? Differential effects of three contemplative mental trainings on emotional word use in self-descriptions. Self and Identity, 16(5), 607–628.

    Valk, S. L., Bernhardt, B. C., Trautwein, F. M., Böckler, A., & Kanske, P., Guizard, N., ... & Singer, T. (2017). Structural plasticity of the social brain: Differential change after socio-affective and cognitive mental training. Science Advances, 3(10), e1700489.



    Böckler*, A., Kanske*, P., Trautwein, F. M., Lesemann, F. H. P., & Singer, T. (2016). Are strong empathizers better mentalizers? Evidence for independence and interaction between the routes of social cognition. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, nsw052.
               * contributed equally

    Böckler, A., Tusche, A., & Singer, T. (2016). The structure of human prosociality: Differentiating altruistically motivated, norm motivated, strategically motivated and self-reported prosocial behavior. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7(6), 530-541.

    Bornemann, B., Kok, B. E., Böckler, A., & Singer, T. (2016). Helping from the heart: Voluntary up-regulation of heart rate variability predicts altruistic behavior. Biological Psychology, 119, 54-63.

    Huestegge, L., & Böckler, A. (2016). Out of the corner of the driver's eye: Peripheral processing of hazards in static traffic scenes. Journal of Vision, 16(2), 11-11.

    Molenberghs, P., Trautwein, F.-M., Böckler, A., Singer, T., & Kanske, P. (2016). Neural correlates of metacognitive ability and of feeling confident: A large scale fMRI study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, nsw093.

    Tusche, A., Böckler, A., Kanske, P., Trautwein, F.-M., & Singer, T. (2016). Decoding the charitable brain: Empathy, perspective taking and attention shifts differentially predict altruistic giving. The Journal of Neuroscience, 36, 4719-4732.

    Valk, S., Bernhardt, B., Böckler, A., Kanske, P., & Singer, T. (2016). Substrates of metacognition on perception and metacognition on higher-order cognition relate to different subsystems of the mentalizing network. Human Brain Mapping, 37(10), 3388-3399.

    Valk, S.L., Bernhardt, B., Böckler, A., Trautwein, F.-M., Kanske, P., & Singer, T. (2016). Socio-cognitive phenotypes differentially modulate large-scale structural covariance networks. Cerebral Cortex, bhv319.



    Böckler, A., van der Wel, R., & Welsh, T. (2015). Eyes only? Perceiving eye contact is neither sufficient nor necessary for attentional capture by face direction. Acta Psychologica, 160, 134-140.

    Böckler*, A., Kanske*, P., Trautwein*, F.-M., & Singer, T. (2015). Dissecting the social brain: Introducing the EmpaToM to reveal distinct neural networks and brain-behavior relations for empathy and Theory of Mind. NeuroImage, 122, 6-19.
           * contributed equally

    Böckler, A., Eskenazi, T., Sebanz, N., & Rueschemeyer, S.-A. (2015). (How) observed eye-contact modulates gaze following. An fMRI study. Cognitive Neuroscience, 7(1-4), 55-66.



    Böckler, A., Timmermans, B., Sebanz, N., Vogeley, K., & Schilbach, L. (2014). Effects of observing eye contact on gaze following in high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(7), 1651-1658.

    Böckler, A., Hömke, P., & Sebanz, N. (2014). Invisible man: Exclusion from shared attention affects gaze behavior and self-reports. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5(2), 140-148.

    Böckler, A., van der Wel, R. P. R. D., & Welsh, T. N. (2014). Catching eyes: Effects of social and nonsocial cues on attention capture. Psychological Science, 25(3), 720-727.



    Böckler, A., & Zwickel, J. (2013). Influences of spontaneous perspective taking on spatial and identity processing of faces. Social, Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8(7), 735-740.



    Böckler, A., & Sebanz, N. (2012). A co-actor’s focus of attention affects attention allocation and stimulus processing: An EEG study. Social Neuroscience, 7(6), 565-577.

    Böckler, A., Knoblich, G., & Sebanz, N. (2012). Effects of a coactor’s focus of attention on task performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38(6), 1404-1415.



    Böckler, A., Alpay, G., & Stürmer, B. (2011). Accessory stimuli affect prerequisites of conflict, not conflict control: A Simon-task ERP study. Experimental Psychology, 58(2), 102-109.

    Böckler, A., Knoblich, G., & Sebanz, N. (2011). Observing shared attention modulates gaze following. Cognition, 120(2), 292-298.

    Böckler, A., Knoblich, G., & Sebanz, N. (2011). Giving a helping hand: Effects of joint attention on mental rotation of body parts. Experimental Brain Research, 211(3-4), 531-545.


    Book Chapters


    Böckler, A., Sebanz, N., Wilkinson, A., & Huber, L. (2017). Solving social coordination problems: From ants to apes. In S. Shepherd (Ed.), The Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience. New York: Rockefeller  



    Kanske*, P., Böckler*, A., & Singer, T. (2015). Models, mechanisms and moderators dissociating empathy and Theory of Mind. In M. Wöhr, & S. Krach (Eds.), Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences – Social Behavior from Rodents to Humans: Neural Foundations and Clinical Implications.
          * shared first authors



    Böckler, A., & Sebanz, N. (2013). Linking joint attention and joint action. In H. S. Terrace, & J. Metcalfe (Eds.), Agency and joint attention. (pp. 206-215). New York: Oxford University Press.



    Böckler, A., Knoblich, G., & Sebanz, N. (2010). Socializing Cognition. In B. Glatzeder, V. Goel, & A. Mueller (Eds.), Perspectives on Thinking. Heidelberg: Springer.


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