Lehrstuhl für Psychologie III

PD Dr. Oliver Herbort

PD Dr. Oliver Herbort

Akademischer Rat
Lehrstuhl Psychologie III
Röntgenring 11
97070 Würzburg
Gebäude: Hörsaalgebäude
Raum: H 13
Telefon: +49 931 31-89809

Research Interest

Action, Object Manipulation and Tool Use (DFG Projects: He6710/1-1, He6710/2-1, He6710/2-2)

Embodied Choices (DFG Project: He6710/4-1)

Pointing gestures (DFG Projects: He6710/5-1; He6710/6-1  click for a short video)

Computational Models



Please contact me directly, if you are interested in an Internship (Praktikum), Bachelor-Thesis, Projektarbeit, or Master-Thesis. Possible topics include action planning, tool-use and object manipulation in virtual and real environments, and communication with pointing gestures.



Note. The PDFs below are for your personal scholary use only, and not for reproduction, distribution or commercial use.

Grießbach, E., Raßbach, P., Herbort, O. et al. (2024). Dual-tasking modulates movement speed but not value-based choices during walking. Scientific Reports 14, 6342.

Herbort, O., Raßbach, P., & Kunde, W. (2024). Where scrollbars are clicked, and why. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 9, 23.

Vogel-Blaschka, D., Kunde, W., Herbort, O., & Scherbaum, S. (2024). Ideonamic: An integrative computational dynamic model of ideomotor learning and effect-based action control. Psychological Review, 131(1), 79–103.

Gregori, A., F. Amici, I. Brilmayer, A. Ćwiek, L. Fritzsche, S. Fuchs, A. Henlein, O. Herbort, F. Kügler, J. Lemanski, K. Liebal, A. Lücking, A. Mehler, K. T. Nguyen, W. Pouw, P. Prieto, P. L. Rohrer, P. G. Sánchez-Ramón, M. Schulte-Rüther, P. Schumacher, S. Schweinberger, V. Struckmeier, P. C. Trettenbrein & C. I. von Eiff. (2023). A Roadmap for Technological Innovation in Multimodal Communication Research. In: V. G. Duffy (Ed.) Digital Human Modeling and Applications in Health, Safety, Ergonomics and Risk Management. HCII 2023. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 14029. (pp. 402-438). Springer.

Herbort, O. & Krause, L.-M. (2023). The efficiency of augmented pointing with and without speech in a collaborative virtual environment. In: V. G. Duffy (Ed.) Digital Human Modeling and Applications in Health, Safety, Ergonomics and Risk Management. HCII 2023. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 14028. (pp. 510-524). Springer.

Grießbach, E., Raßbach, O., Herbort, O. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2023). Embodied decision biases: individually stable across different tasks? Experimental Brain Research, 241, 1053-1064.

Krause, L.-M. & Herbort, O. (2023). Just visual context or part of the gesture? The role of arm orientation in bent pointing interpretation. Acta Psychologica, 241, 104062. pdf.

Grießbach, E., Herbort, O. & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2022). Wechselwirkung von motorischen und kognitiven Prozessen in hierarchisch organisiertem Verhalten (pp. 46-58). In S. Klatt & B. Strauß (Eds.), Kognition und Motorik – Sportpsychologische Grundlagen und Anwendungen im Sport. Göttingen, Hogrefe Verlag.

Grießbach, E., Raßbach, P., Herbort, O., & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2022). Embodied decisions during walking. Journal of Neurophysiology 128, 1207-1223.

Grießbach, E., Incagli, F., Herbort, O., & Cañal-Bruland, R. (2021). Body dynamics of gait affect value-based decisions. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 11894.

Herbort, O., Krause, L.-M., & Kunde, W. (2021). Perspective determines the production and interpretation of pointing gestures. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 28(2), 641-648.  pdf.

Kirsch, W., Kunde, W., & Herbort, O. (2021). Impact of proprioception on the perceived size and distance of external objects in a virtual action task. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 28, 1191–1201. pdf

Krause, L.-M., & Herbort, O. (2021). The observer’s perspective determines which cues are used when interpreting pointing gestures. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 47(9), 1209-1225. pdf.

Raßbach, P., Grießbach, E., Cañal-Bruland, R., & Herbort, O. (2021). Deciding while moving: Cognitive interference biases value-based decisions. Acta Psychologica, 221, 103449.

Dignath, D., Herbort, O., Pieczykolan, A., Huestegge, L., & Kiesel, A. (2019). Flexible coupling of covert spatial attention and motor planning based on learned spatial contingencies. Psychological Research, 83(3), 476-484.

Herbort, O., & Kunde, W. (2019). Precise movements in awkward postures: A direct test of the precision hypothesis of the end-state comfort effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 45(5), 681-696. pdf. video.

Herbort, O., Kirsch, W., & Kunde, W. (2019). Grasp planning for object manipulation without simulation of the object manipulation action. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 45(2), 237-254.

Herbort, O. & Kunde, W. (2019) Emergence of anticipatory actions in a novel task. Experimental Brain Research, 237(6), 1421-1430.

Huestegge, L., Herbort, O., Gosch, N., Kunde, W., & Pieczykolan, A. (2019). Free-choice saccades and their underlying determinants: Explorations of high-level voluntary oculomotor control. Journal of Vision, 19(3), 14.

Kirsch, W., Kunde, W., & Herbort, O. (2019). Intentional binding is unrelated to action intention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 45(3), 378-385. pdf.

Herbort, O., Büschelberger, J., & Janczyk, M. (2018). Preschool children adapt grasping movements to upcoming object manipulations: Evidence from a dial rotation task. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 167, 62-77. pdfdoi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2017.09.025

Herbort, O., & Kunde, W. (2018). How to point and to interpret pointing gestures? Instructions can reduce pointer-observer misunderstandings. Psychological Research,  82(2), 395-406. pdf. doi:10.1007/s00426-016-0824-8

Wirth, R., Foerster, A., Herbort, O., Kunde, W., & Pfister, R. (2018). This is how to be a rule breaker. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 14(1), 21-37. pdf. doi: 10.5709/acp.0235-2 

Foerster, A., Wirth, R., Herbort, O., Kunde, W., & Pfister, R. (2017). Lying upside-down: Alibis reverse cognitive burdens of dishonesty. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 23(3), 301-319. pdf doi: 10.1037/xap0000129

Kirsch, W., Herbort, O., Ullrich, B., & Kunde, W. (2017). On the origin of body-related influences on visual perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43(6), 1222-1237. pdf.

Herbort, O., Mathew, H. & Kunde, W. (2017). Habit outweighs planning in grasp selection for object manipulation. Cognitive Psychology. 92, 127-140. pdf. doi:10.1016/j.cogpsych.2016.11.008

Janczyk, M., Büschelberger, J., & Herbort, O. (2017). Larger between-task crosstalk in children than in adults: Behavioral results from the backward-crosstalk paradigm and a diffusion model analysis. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 155, 95-112. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.201611.007

Kunde, W., Schmidts, C., Wirth, R., & Herbort, O. (2017). Action effects are coded as transitions from current to future stimulation: Evidence from compatibility effects in tracking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 43. 477-486. pdf. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000311

Mathew, H., Kunde, W. & Herbort, O. (2017). Inverting the planning gradient - Adjustment of grasps to late segments of multi-step object manipulations. Experimental Brain Research, 235(5), 1397-1409. doi:10.1007/s00221-017-4892-9

Herbort, O. & Kunde, W. (2016). Spatial (mis-)interpretation of pointing gestures to distal referents. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42(1), 78-89. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000126

Belardinelli, A., Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2015). Goal-oriented gaze strategies afforded by object interaction. Vision Research 106, 47-57. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2014.11.003

Herbort, O. (2015). Too much anticipation? Large anticipatory adjustments of grasping movements to minimal object manipulations. Human Movement Science 42, 100-116. doi:10.1016/j.humov.2015.05.002

Herbort, O. & Butz, M. V. (2015). Planning grasps for object manipulation: Integrating internal preferences and external constraints. Cognitive Processing 16(1),  249-253. doi: 10.1007/s10339-015-0703-z

Herbort, O., (2014). Intelligente Bewegungen: Wie vorausschauendes Verhalten alltägliche Bewegungen einfacher macht. In-Mind Magazine, 2. Link

Herbort, O., Butz, M.V., & Kunde, W. (2014). The contribution of cognitive, kinematic, and dynamic factors to anticipatory grasp selection. Experimental Brain Research 232(6), 1677-1688. doi: 10.1007/s00221-014-3849-5

Herbort, O., & Rosenbaum, D. A. (2014). What is chosen first, the hand used for reaching or the target that is reached? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 21(1), 170-177. doi: 10.3758/s13423-013-0488-y

Rosenbaum, D. A., Herbort, O., van der Wel, R., & Weiss, D. J. (2014). What's in a grasp? American Scientist 102(5), 366-377. doi: 10.1511/2014.110.366

Ehrenfeld, S., Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2013). Modular neuron-based body estimation: Maintaining consistency over different limbs, modalities, and frames of reference. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. doi: 10.3389/fncom.2013.00148

Ehrenfeld, S., Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2013). Modular mulitmodal arm control models. In G. Baldassarre, & M. Mirolli (Eds.) Computational and Robotic Models of the Hierarchical Organization of Behavior (pp. 129-154). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-39875-9_7

Herbort, O. (2013). Optimal versus heuristic planning of object manipulations: A review and a computational model of the continuous end-state comfort effect. New Ideas in Psychology, 31, 291-301. doi: 10.1016/j.newideapsych.2013.01.003

Lohmann, J., Herbort, O., & Butz, M.V. (2013). Modeling the temporal dynamics of visual working memory. Cognitive Systems Research, 24, 80-86. doi: 10.1016/j.cogsys.2012.12.009

Sigaud, O., Butz, M., Pezzulo, G., & Herbort, O. (2013). The anticipatory construction of reality as a central concern for psychology and robotics. New Ideas in Psychology 31(3), 217-220. doi: 10.1016/j.newideapsych.2012.12.004

Herbort, O. (2012). Where to grasp a tool? Task-dependent adjustments of tool transformations by tool users. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 220(1):37-43. doi: 10.1027/2151-2604/a000089 (supplementary video file)

Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2012). Too good to be true? Ideomotor theory from a computational perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 494. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00494

Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2012). The continuous end-state comfort effect: Weighted integration of multiple biases. Psychological Research, 76(3), 345-363. doi: 10.1007/s00426-011-0334-7

Herbort, O., Koning, A., van Uem, J., & Meulenbroek, R. G. J. (2012). The end-state comfort effect facilitates joint action. Acta Psychologica, 139(3), 404-416. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2012.01.001

Kirsch, W., Herbort, O., Butz, M.V., & Kunde, W. (2012). Influence of motor planning on distance perception within the peripersonal space. PLoS ONE 7(4): e34880. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0034880

Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2011). Habitual and goal-directed factors in (everyday) object handling. Experimental Brain Research 213(4), 371-382. doi: 10.1007/s00221-011-2787-8 

Butz, M. V., Thomaschke, R., Linhardt, M. J., & Herbort, O. (2010). Remapping motion across modalities: Tactile rotations influence visual motion judgments. Experimental Brain Research 207(1), 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s00221-010-2420-2

Herbort, O., & Butz , M. V. (2010). Planning and control of hand orientation in grasping movements. Experimental Brain Research, 202(4), 867-878. doi 10.1007/s00221-010-2191-9

Herbort, O., Butz, M. V., & Pedersen G. (2010). The SURE REACH model for motor learning and control of a redundant arm: From modeling human behavior to applications in robots. In J. Peters and O. Sigaud (Eds.), From motor to interaction learning in robots (pp 85-106). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-02565_10

Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2009). Anticipatory planning of sequential hand and finger movements. Journal of Motor Behavior, 41(6), 561-569. doi: 10.3200/35-09-003-RA

Lohmann, J., Herbort, O., Wagener, A., & Kiesel, A. (2009). Anticipation of time spans: New data from the foreperiod paradigm and the adaptation of a computational model. In G. Pezzulo, M. V. Butz, O. Sigaud, G. Baldassarre (Eds.), Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems: From psychological theories to artificial cognitive systems (pp. 170-187). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-02565-5

Butz, M. V., & Herbort, O. (2008). Context-dependent predictions and cognitive arm control with XCSF. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Computation, 10, 1357-1364. (best paper award)

Butz, M. V., Herbort, O., Pezzulo, G. (2008). Anticipatory, goal-directed behavior. In G. Pezzulo, M. V. Butz, C. Castelfranchi, & R. Falcone (Eds.), The Challenge of Anticipation: A Unifying Framework for the Analysis and Design of Artificial Cognitive Systems (pp. 85-113). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Butz, M. V., Reif, K., & Herbort, O. (2008). Bridging the gap: learning sensorimotor-linked population codes for planning and motor control. Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognitive Systems 2008.

Herbort, O., Butz, M. V., & Hoffmann, J. (2008). Multimodal goal representations and feedback in hierarchical motor control. Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognitive Systems.

Butz, M. V., Herbort, O., & Hoffmann, J. (2007). Exploiting redundancy for flexible behavior: Unsupervised learning in a modular sensorimotor control architecture. Psychological Review, 114(4), 1015-1046. doi: 10.1037/0033-295X.114.4.1015

Source code, demonstration software and tutorial, documentation (9,8MB).

Butz, M. V., Lenhard, A., & Herbort, O. (2007). Emergent effector-independent internal spaces: Adaptation and intermanual learning transfer in humans and neural networks. Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks 2007, 20, 1970-1975.

Herbort, O., & Butz, M. V. (2007). Encoding complete body models enable task dependent optimal behavior. Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks 2007, 20, 1639-1944.

Herbort, O., Ognibene, D., Butz, M. V., & Baldassarre, G. (2007). Learning to select targets within targets in reaching tasks. Proceedings of the 6th International IEEE Conference on Development and Learning 2007, 6, 7-12.

Hoffmann, J., Berner, M., Butz, M. V., Herbort, O., Kiesel, A., Kunde, W., Lenhard, A. (2007). Explorations of Anticipative Behavioral Control (ABC): A report from the cognitive psychology unit of the University of Würzburg. Cognitive Processing, 8(2), 132-142. doi: 10.1007/s10339-007-0166-y

Hoffmann, J., Butz, M. V., Lenhard, A., Herbort, O., & Kiesel, A. (2007). Spekulationen zur Struktur ideomotorischer Beziehungen (Speculations about the structure of ideomotor relations). Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie, 14(3), 95-103.

Herbort, O., Butz, M. V., & Hoffmann, J. (2005). Towards an adaptive hierarchical anticipatory behavioral control system. In C. Castelfranchi, C. Balkenius, M. V. Butz, & A. Ortony (Eds.), From reactive to anticipatory cognitive embodied systems: Papers from the AAAI fall symposium (p. 83-90), Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press.

Herbort, O., Butz, M. V., & Hoffmann, J. (2005). Towards the advantages of hierarchical anticipatory behavioral control. In K. Opwis & I.-K. Penner (Eds), Proceedings of KogWis?05 the German Cognitive Science Conference (p.77-82). Basel: Schwabe.

Oertel, K., Schultz, R., Blech, M., Herbort, O., Voskamp, J., & Urban, B. (2005). EmoTetris for recognition of affective states. In G. Salvendy (Ed.), Proceedings of HCI International 2005. Mawhaw, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Herbort, O., & Vogt, J. (rejected). Universal rejection as an editing policy to avoid the publication bias: State-of-the-art and future directions. Journal of Universal Rejection.

Movie 1